This chapter examines Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s argument that existence is the totality of the categorial determinations of essence, based on his initial statement in section 2 of book 2 of the Science of Logic that “essence must appear.” It also discusses Hegel’s implicit claim that the development of being as essence is the same as the development of subjectivity, as well as his fundamental thesis that being cannot be separated from thinking. For Hegel, essence and existence are distinct logical categories, although the former “goes over” into the latter. The chapter analyzes the debate over the proof of God’s existence based on the Hegelian doctrine before concluding with comments on the idea that existence is the dialectic of appearance.
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