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Ancestors and AntiretroviralsThe Bio-Politics of HIV/AIDS in Post-Apartheid South Africa$
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Claire Laurier Decoteau

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226064451

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226064628.001.0001

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Biomedical Citizenship

Biomedical Citizenship

(p.113) Three Biomedical Citizenship
Ancestors and Antiretrovirals

Claire Laurier Decoteau

University of Chicago Press

This chapter focuses on the Treatment Action Campaign, and its struggle for the public provision of antiretrovirals. The international struggle against patent protection on essential medicines is the backdrop of this movement’s success. The chapter argues that the TAC instigated the introduction of biomedical citizenship by linking welfare rights to certain disciplinary biomedical behaviors. The chapter asks: what happens when structural inequality makes the assumption of biomedical technologies of the self impossible? It argues that bio-politics blurs into necropolitics at the threshold of citizenship, constituting a new form of exclusionary inclusion.

Keywords:   antiretrovirals, health activism, biomedical citizenship, technologies of the self, HIV, bio-politics, neoliberalism, governance, exclusionary inclusion, Treatment Action Campaign

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