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Southern StalemateFive Years without Public Education in Prince Edward County, Virginia$
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Christopher Bonastia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780226063898

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: March 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226063911.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 03 March 2021

No Middle Ground

No Middle Ground

The Rapid Ascent of Massive Resistance

(p.49) Two No Middle Ground
Southern Stalemate
University of Chicago Press

This chapter explores massive resistance to school desegregation pressures in Virginia. Prince Edward and Clarendon County promised fierce resistance, and school closings loomed as a real possibility. The Supreme Court pondered how the principles of Brown should be implemented in Washington. Brown II expressed “vagueness and gradualism,” instructing federal district court judges to act “with all deliberate speed” in ordering that “parties to the case” be admitted to public schools on a nondiscriminatory basis. As Virginia's representative in the Brown case, Prince Edward prominently figured in the strategizing of the state's political leaders, for the Southside had long represented the core of support for the Byrd machine. Virginia's political leaders hardened the state's resistance to school desegregation from the 1954 Brown decision to 1957. The Prince Edward County vowed that it would brook no integration in schools, even if that meant forsaking public education.

Keywords:   massive resistance, school desegregation, Virginia, Prince Edward County, Supreme Court, Brown, Brown II

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