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Dreamland of HumanistsWarburg, Cassirer, Panofsky, and the Hamburg School$
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Emily J. Levine

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226061689

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226061719.001.0001

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Socrates in Hamburg? Panofsky and the Economics of Scholarship

Socrates in Hamburg? Panofsky and the Economics of Scholarship

(p.121) Five Socrates in Hamburg? Panofsky and the Economics of Scholarship
Dreamland of Humanists

Emily J. Levine

University of Chicago Press

The fifth chapter argues that Erwin Panofsky’s life and career reveals an interdependence of commerce and culture that was characteristic of this art historical circle. Through an analysis of Panofsky’s little-known play Phaedrus Hamburgensis in 1927 and a lecture delivered in the same year by Warburg to the Chamber of Commerce on the “inflation” of the Baroque, this chapter shows how an awareness of the material conditions of scholarship permeated this scholarly circle. This chapter also argues that Warburg’s 1895 America trip provided not only intellectual motivation, but also the American philanthropic paradigm that he would emulate to found a private institute of scholarship of his own. Despite these scholars’ anxiety that Hamburg was not a place of serious scholarship, an anxiety brought into relief by the inflation crisis, Hamburg’s tradition of philanthropy better positioned its intellectual institutions to address these economic challenges.

Keywords:   Panofsky, art history, America, philanthropy, inflation, Phaedrus Hamburgensis

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