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Visible Empire – Botanical Expeditions and Visual Culture in the Hispanic Enlightenment - Chicago Scholarship Online
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Visible Empire: Botanical Expeditions and Visual Culture in the Hispanic Enlightenment

Daniela Bleichmar


Between 1777 and 1816, botanical expeditions crisscrossed the vast Spanish Empire in an ambitious project to survey the flora of much of the Americas, the Caribbean, and the Philippines. While these voyages produced written texts and compiled collections of specimens, they dedicated an overwhelming proportion of their resources and energy to the creation of visual materials. European and American naturalists and artists collaborated to manufacture a staggering total of more than 12,000 botanical illustrations. Yet these images have remained largely overlooked—until now. This book gives this ar ... More

Keywords: botanical expeditions, Spanish Empire, flora, naturalists, botanical illustrations, Enlightenment science, visual culture, empire, visual epistemology, imperial apparatus

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780226058535
Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226058559.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Daniela Bleichmar, author