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Philosophy of PseudoscienceReconsidering the Demarcation Problem$
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Massimo Pigliucci and Maarten Boudry

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226051796

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.001.0001

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Argumentation and Pseudoscience

Argumentation and Pseudoscience

The Case for an Ethics of Argumentation

(p.287) 15 Argumentation and Pseudoscience
Philosophy of Pseudoscience

Jean Paul Van Bendegem

University of Chicago Press

This chapter discusses the ethics of argumentation about pseudoscience. It asks, if we take into account all the real-life aspects of a debate, a discussion, or an argumentation, what does it mean to defend a thesis, a position, or a claim in an efficient way? It first explains the standard view of the ideal reasoner. It then considers the five elements that characterize the ideal logician's attitude (ILA) to determine the changes needed achieve a more realistic picture. Next, it addresses the following question: what does the revised picture imply for the practice of debate, discussion, and argument? Two case studies are presented: the first investigates what the possibilities are to attack or to counter fallacies with “fallacies” of our own; the second case deals with misleading and cheating.

Keywords:   ethics, debates, pseudoscience, ideal reasoner, human reasoner, argumentation

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