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The MountainA Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present$
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Bernard Debarbieux and Gilles Rudaz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226031118

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.001.0001

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Exporting and Acclimatizing Regional Planning Models to the Tropics

Exporting and Acclimatizing Regional Planning Models to the Tropics

(p.167) Seven Exporting and Acclimatizing Regional Planning Models to the Tropics
The Mountain

Bernard Debarbieux

Gilles Rudaz

, Jane Marie Todd

Martin F. Price

University of Chicago Press

Chapter 7 focuses on the adaption of the mountain conception imported to the colonies. Indeed, the conception does not simply follow a copy paste model from the metropolises to the colonies. Colonization also proceeded by adopting modes for managing places and developing resources. Here again, references to the mountain were common and usually conceived in terms of Western models. Colonization, whether conceived solely as occupation or also as the exploitation of resources, was thus based on the deployment of forms of geographical knowledge that had originated in the West. That deployment preceded or went hand in hand with the deployment of men, capital, and techniques for development. The colonial powers approached the worlds they had discovered and made their own by means of categories that standardized descriptions and conditioned practices. The “tropical mountains,” along with other objects, emerged in the wake of that colonial expansion and territorial appropriation. They were the product of a set of images, facts, resources, and projects that articulated the European model in terms of similarities but also well-understood differences. The nation-states that emerged from decolonization usually retained that highly standardized model to configure the mountains.

Keywords:   Acclimatization, Tropical mountains, Andes, Slash-and-Burn Agriculture, Forestry, Tanzania, Thailand, Theory of Himalayan Environmental Degradation, Matopo Hills, Cordillera Blanca, Sagarmatha

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