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The MountainA Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present$
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Bernard Debarbieux and Gilles Rudaz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226031118

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.001.0001

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Politics of Nature

Politics of Nature

(p.88) Four Politics of Nature
The Mountain

Bernard Debarbieux

Gilles Rudaz

, Jane Marie Todd

Martin F. Price

University of Chicago Press

The shift in scale, from local to national, which accompagnied the building of modern nation-state and the triumph of governmentality conditioned the adoption of new conceptions of the mountain and new modes of intervention. Within a few decades, Western nation-states readily made the mountain a major natural resource, a remarkable scenic landscape, a wild component of their territory, an ecological asset, even a preserve for unusual species. A special focus is made on the aggressive policies conducted by the modern state in forest management from France to the other countries of Western and Southern Europe and to the US. A symmetric movement is followed for nature protection, from the US to other former British colonies and Western Europe. Through these policies, mountain communities experienced a dramatic disqualification of their knowledge and modes of environmental management.

Keywords:   national park, forest policies, wilderness, Alexandre Surell, Yosemite

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