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The MountainA Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present$
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Bernard Debarbieux and Gilles Rudaz

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780226031118

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

The Mountaineer

The Mountaineer

The Other in the Heart of the Nation, or Its Emblematic Figure?

Chapter:
(p.72) Three The Mountaineer
Source:
The Mountain
Author(s):

Bernard Debarbieux

Gilles Rudaz

, Jane Marie Todd

Martin F. Price

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0004

Chapter 3 focuses on the people inhabitant the mountains as defined according to the modern, scientific way. It focuses on the making of a social and political stereotype – the mountaineer – in the context of the making of modern societies and nations. In many cases such as Switzerland, Italy, the Balkans, and Scotland, the images of mountaineers has been a major political issue in the construction of a national imaginary from the nineteenth century.This chapter explains how the category “mountaineer” happened to point at, first populations living in the mountains, second mountain climbers using the reference to mountains as a mode of social distinction. Regarding the first group, it details the stereotypes at work in discourses on the nation : the brutal, thieving, bellicose mountaineer; the proud, hard-working, obstinate, and courageous mountaineer; backward communities; etc.

Keywords:   mountaineer, social stereotypes, nation, identity, Highlander (Scotland), Alpini (Italy), Switzerland, Balkans

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