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RevolutionStructure and Meaning in World History$
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Saïd Amir Arjomand

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780226026831

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226026848.001.0001

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Revolutions of the Last Hundred Years in the Light of My Typology

Revolutions of the Last Hundred Years in the Light of My Typology

Chapter:
(p.319) Epilogue Revolutions of the Last Hundred Years in the Light of My Typology
Source:
Revolution
Author(s):

Saïd Amir Arjomand

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226026848.003.0013

In the twentieth century, the modern myth of revolution acted as a motive for revolutionaries with the growth of Marxism-Leninism in Asia. The Asian revolutionary leaders from Mao Tse-Tung to Ho Chi Minh to Pol Pot were motivated by it, and each of them inflected its model somewhat in the epicycle of modern revolutions in Asia. In the course of the Iranian revolution in 1979, the Marxist-Leninist myth was replaced by the myth of Islamic revolution. The modern myth of revolution expired altogether with the post-1989 negotiated revolutions of Central Eurasia, and the Arab Revolution of 2011 did not revive it in either variant. The Epilogue applies the typology offered in this volume to explain significant features of the Islamic revolution in Iran and of the Eurasian negotiated revolutions as well as the Arab uprisings. The Aristotelian-Paretan conception of revolutionary counterelites as dispossessed former elites excluded from political power is found particularly applicable to the Asian revolutionary intellectuals and the Iranian clerical revolutionaries.

Keywords:   myth of revolution, negotiated revolution, constitutional revolution, Iranian revolution, Vietnamese revolution, Cambodian revolution, Arab revolution

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