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Making the Unequal MetropolisSchool Desegregation and Its Limits$
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Ansley T. Erickson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780226025254

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226025391.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

The Road to Busing

The Road to Busing

(p.151) Chapter Five The Road to Busing
Making the Unequal Metropolis

Ansley T. Erickson

University of Chicago Press

After a decade of token desegregation, Nashville schools saw high levels of continued segregation. Avon N. Williams, Jr. and his allies returned to court to seek more extensive desegregation. They won a 1971 court order for expanded desegregation via busing across city and suburban neighborhoods. Williams challenged an established and nationally-influential public and legal narrative: the idea of “de facto segregation.” Rejecting the term, he indicted the intertwined roots of segregation in housing and schooling. Williams won more desegregation, but did not overcome distorted local narratives about segregation’s causes. Busing also brought new forms of inequality, sanctioned by court and federal official-approved busing plans that continued to treat black and white students, and increasingly suburban and urban students, unequally. They did so at times with support from local predictions of demographic change, growth, and decline in metropolitan space.

Keywords:   desegregation, Avon N. Williams, Jr., busing, urban planning, de facto segregation, segregation, Health, Education and Welfare, space, prediction, inequality

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