Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
City Water, City LifeWater and the Infrastructure of Ideas in Urbanizing Philadelphia, Boston, and Chicago$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Carl Smith

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226022512

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226022659.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CHICAGO SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.chicago.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Chicago Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CHSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021



(p.229) 7 Epilogue
City Water, City Life

Carl Smith

University of Chicago Press

This chapter explains that Philadelphia, Chicago, and Boston quickly outgrew their first successful waterworks and found themselves in a continuous race with demand. From waterwheels, the three cities managed to improve their waterworks with turbine designs in the mid-nineteenth century. During the late 1800s, the theory and practice of waterworks became more technically sophisticated, capital-intensive, and standardized than it had been when Philadelphia, Chicago, and Boston built their earlier systems. This period also saw the emergence of the first generation of formally trained hydraulic engineers, who drew on each other's knowledge and experience in building works to more consistent specifications.

Keywords:   waterworks, Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, building works, hydraulic engineers

Chicago Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.