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The Nature and Nurture of LoveFrom Imprinting to Attachment in Cold War America$
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Marga Vicedo

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780226020556

Published to Chicago Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.001.0001

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Primate Love

Primate Love

Harry Harlow’s Work on Mothers and Peers

Chapter:
(p.146) Chapter Six Primate Love
Source:
The Nature and Nurture of Love
Author(s):

Marga Vicedo

Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226020693.003.0007

This chapter examines Harry Harlow's work, its reception among contemporary scientists and the public, and its relevance to the ethological theory of attachment behavior. The analysis focuses on whether his experiments proved the instinctual nature of the mother-infant dyad. It shows that Harlow did not think his results supported Lorenz's ideas about imprinting and instincts or Bowlby's views about the infant's innate need for mother love. Harlow's results, in fact, called into question their emphasis on the power of innate biological needs to determine adult emotions and behavior. The chapter also shows that Harlow's experiments opened a wide debate about using animals as models for human behavior.

Keywords:   Harry Harlow, ethology, attachment behavior, instinct, imprinting, mother love

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