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Conservation and Its Challenges in Kenya

Conservation and Its Challenges in Kenya

(p.343) 24 Conservation and Its Challenges in Kenya
Ignoring Nature No More
Josphat NgonyoMariam Wanjala
University of Chicago Press

This chapter discuses conservation challenges in Kenya. The country has a number of projects aimed at protecting endangered species and maintaining biodiversity. Those taking precedence include protecting rhinoceroses and elephants, preserving wetlands and forests, and educating youth. The particular challenges faced include economic and social-cultural ones, the destruction of wildlife habitats, security, inadequate incentives, and climate change. Political corruption is also a major problem. A recent study showed that political corruption and bad governance, rather than human population pressures and poverty, may be the greatest threat to wildlife in developing countries. Community involvement in resource management is an essential component of conservation projects, and local people—the ultimate owners and guardians of natural ecosystems—must be the direct beneficiaries of the income that accrues from the use of ecosystems. Ecotourism should also be promoted in reserves and parks due to its overall benefits to both the people and the environment.

Keywords:   nature conservation, endangered species, resource management, community involvement, ecotourism

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