# The Emergence of Baroque Mathematical Natural Philosophy

# The Emergence of Baroque Mathematical Natural Philosophy

An Archeology of the Inverse Square Law

This chapter examines the history of the emergence of mathematical natural philosophy in the context of the inverse square law during the baroque period. It discusses how Isaac Newton established baroque mathematical philosophy with the use of the inverse square law as a means to reduce complex phenomena into approximate local order and describes how he unified heaven and earth under one system of physical laws. It also considers Johannes Kepler and Robert Hooke’s opinion that the notion of force acting at a distance to affect motion was much easier to conceive on the grand scale of the celestial realm than down on earth.

*Keywords:*
mathematical natural philosophy, inverse square law, isaac newton, mathematical philosophy, physical laws, johannes kepler, Robert Hooke, motion