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From Divine Order to Human Approximation

From Divine Order to Human Approximation

Mathematics in Baroque Science

Chapter Five (p.161) From Divine Order to Human Approximation
Baroque Science
Ofer GalRaz Chen-Morris
University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the transition of mathematics in baroque science from divine order to human approximation. It discusses the preparation and use of the inverse square law and analyzes Isaac Newton’s Principia. It also describes the works of Newton in determination the velocity of sound and the precession of the equinoxes and his demonstration that the attraction holding the moon in its orbit is quantitatively identical to the cause of heaviness at the surface of the earth.

Keywords:   mathematics, baroque science, human approximation, inverse square law, isaac newton, principia, velocity of sound, equinoxes, moon, orbit

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