This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the tensions and inversions at the New Science during the baroque period. This volume is divided into three sections. The first examines the rise of instrument-mediated empiricism and the new understanding of our senses and experiences that it implied and embedded. The second deals with the promise, challenges, and paradoxical compromises required to turn mathematics into the primary tool of natural philosophy. The third examines the moral and ethical consequences of these reconfigurations of reason, and the senses and qualities of the new savant.
Keywords: new science, baroque period, instrument-mediated empiricism, mathematics, natural philosophy, reason, senses, new savant