Animal PersonalitiesBehavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Animal PersonalitiesBehavior, Physiology, and Evolution

Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780226922058

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

Ask anyone who has owned a pet and they will assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals—from invertebrates to monkeys and apes—behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. But why the differences, and how are personalities shaped by genes and environment? How did they evolve? The essays in this book reveal that there is much to learn from our furred and feathered friends. The study of animal personality is one of the fastest-growing areas of research in behavioral and evolutionary biology. Here the authors, along with a host of scholars from fields as diverse as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on animal personality. Grouped into thematic sections, chapters approach the topic with empirical and theoretical material, and show that to fully understand why personality exists, we must consider the evolutionary processes which give rise to personality, the ecological correlates of personality differences, and the physiological mechanisms underlying personality variation.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

Introduction Animal Personalities

Claudio Carere Dario Maestripieri

I Personalities Across Animal Taxa

2 Evolutionary Perspectives on Personality in Stickleback Fish

Alison M. Bell Susan A. Foster Matthew Wund

3 Avian Personality

Kees Van Oers Naguib Marc

4 Differential Behavioral Ecology

Alexander Weiss Mark J. Adams

5 Personalities in a Comparative Perspective

Samuel D. Gosling Pranjal H. Mehta

II Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution of Animal Personalities

9 The Evolution of Animal Personalities

Max Wolf G. Sander Van Doorn Olof Leimar Franz J. Weissing

III Development Of Personalities And Their Underlying Mechanisms

10 Ontogeny of Stable Individual Differences

James P. Curley Igor Branchi

12 Neuroendocrine and Autonomic Correlates of Animal Personalities

Doretta Caramaschi Claudio Carere Andrea Sgoifo Jaap M. Koolhaas

IV Implications of Personality Research for Conservation Biology, Animal Welfare, and Human Health

15 Behavioral, Physiological, and Health Biases in Laboratory Rodents

Sonia A. Cavigelli Kerry C. Michael Christina M. Ragan

End Matter