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Childhood Health and Differences in Late-Life Health Outcomes between England and the United States

Childhood Health and Differences in Late-Life Health Outcomes between England and the United States

Chapter:
(p.321) 9 Childhood Health and Differences in Late-Life Health Outcomes between England and the United States
Source:
Investigations in the Economics of Aging
Author(s):
James BanksZoë OldfieldJames P. Smith
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226903163.003.0010

This chapter examines the hypothesis that differential prevalence and differential impacts of early life conditions, and particularly childhood health, between England and the United States may have led to differences in subsequent later-life health outcomes. The data shows that the poorer adult health of older Americans compared to their English counterparts is apparent right back in the childhood years of these cohorts. Furthermore, the transmission rates of childhood illnesses into poor health in midlife and older ages are also higher in America compared to England. A commentary is included at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   early life conditions, childhood health, health outcomes, Americans, England

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