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Conclusion The Declining Significance of Inclusion

Conclusion The Declining Significance of Inclusion

(p.233) Conclusion The Declining Significance of Inclusion
The Black Child-Savers
Geoff K. Ward
University of Chicago Press

This chapter provides an account of this paradoxical and tragic reformulation of racial oppression and domination in the post-civil rights period. Formal integration reconfigured black youth opportunity and community influence in American juvenile justice, but it failed to institutionalize racially democratic control. Instead, subsequent cultural and institutional changes related to a more general late-twentieth-century retraction of the liberal welfare state drained the progressive utility of integration, reducing black youth and community incorporation to more symbolic forms of inclusion. In contemporary juvenile justice, the “accountability movement” reconfigured the social contractual terms of juvenile justice and the organization of decision-making in juvenile justice in ways that undermined the potential for racially democratic control.

Keywords:   racial oppression, domination, post-civil rights period, American juvenile justice, American democracy, Jim Crow, black youth, black community, civil rights, rehabilitation

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