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Conclusion: Affirmative Advocacy

Conclusion: Affirmative Advocacy

(p.206) Seven Conclusion: Affirmative Advocacy
Affirmative Advocacy
University of Chicago Press

This chapter presents a discussion of the “best practices” associated with high levels of activity on behalf of disadvantaged subgroups and uses these practices to make the case for the principle of affirmative advocacy. The small proportion of social and economic justice organizations within the overall interest group system and the biases within these organizations themselves powerfully show the tremendous hurdles and disadvantages faced by groups such as women, racial minorities, and low-income people in their quest for representation in national politics. Despite this, the data also reveal that advocacy organizations play a crucial role in combating a broader mobilization of bias in politics and public opinion. The rich potential of coalitions to represent intersectionally disadvantaged subgroups can be maximized. Affirmative advocacy can help maximize the strengths of advocacy organizations and the possibilities of civil society, engaging both of them in efforts to fulfill the promises of democratic representation.

Keywords:   affirmative advocacy, justice organizations, interest group system, women, racial minorities, national politics, advocacy organizations, coalitions, civil society

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