This chapter demonstrates that organizations are much more active on majority issues and on issues affecting advantaged subgroups than they are on policy issues that affect disadvantaged subgroups of their constituents. Under some circumstances, the commitments lead organization officers to resist political forces that conspire against representation for disadvantaged subgroups. As such, their dedication offsets a significant portion of the mobilization of bias against these constituents in politics and public opinion. Threats and opportunities within political institutions can increase the attention paid by organizations to particular policy issues. The results of the analyses indicate that the alleged tradeoffs between advocacy on social issues and advocacy on economic issues are manifestations of the ways in which intersectional marginalization leads organizations of all types to give short shrift to issues affecting disadvantaged subgroups of their constituencies.
Keywords: political forces, organization officers, politics, public opinion, political institutions, tradeoffs, advocacy, intersectional marginalization