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An Ethics of Place

An Ethics of Place

Chapter:
(p.81) Four An Ethics of Place
Source:
Behind Closed Doors
Author(s):
Laura Stark
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0005

This chapter examines the history of institutional view boards (IRBs) in the context of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center in the U.S. It explains that when the center opened in July 1953 its medical board wrote the group consideration guidelines, which created a procedure in which a committee uninvolved in the research would judge whether an investigator had planned to protect his human subjects. It explains that advantages of group consideration in terms of accommodating the tremendous incoherence of the institutes and retaining the professional discretion researchers had traditionally enjoyed.

Keywords:   institutional review boards, NIH Clinical Center, group consideration, human subjects, professional discretion, United States, incoherence

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