Page of

ocal Precedents

ocal Precedents

Chapter:
(p.41) Two ocal Precedents
Source:
Behind Closed Doors
Author(s):
Laura Stark
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226770888.003.0003

This chapter examines the importance of local precedents in the decision making process of institutional review boards (IRBs) based on a survey of the chairman of IRBs in major research universities in the United States. It explains that IRB members identify new problems somewhat idiosyncratically and they develop remedies for these problems by drawing on warrants of experts. It suggests that the way the IRB works resonates with what it called analogical reasoning which was developed in Anglo-American law and medicine during the late nineteenth century.

Keywords:   institutional review boards, local precedents, decision making process, warrants, experts, analogical reasoning, Anglo-American law, medicine

Sign In

Copyright © 2021. All rights reserved.
Privacy Policy and Legal Notice