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ocal Precedents

ocal Precedents

(p.41) Two ocal Precedents
Behind Closed Doors
Laura Stark
University of Chicago Press

This chapter examines the importance of local precedents in the decision making process of institutional review boards (IRBs) based on a survey of the chairman of IRBs in major research universities in the United States. It explains that IRB members identify new problems somewhat idiosyncratically and they develop remedies for these problems by drawing on warrants of experts. It suggests that the way the IRB works resonates with what it called analogical reasoning which was developed in Anglo-American law and medicine during the late nineteenth century.

Keywords:   institutional review boards, local precedents, decision making process, warrants, experts, analogical reasoning, Anglo-American law, medicine

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