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The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem

The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Chapter:
(p.209) Seven The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem
Source:
Serengeti III
Author(s):
Sarah CleavelandCraig PackerKatie HampsonMagai KaareRichard KockMeggan CraftTiziana LimboTitus MlengeyaAndy Dobson
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226760353.003.0007

This chapter describes research on specific pathogens that illustrates the multiple roles of infectious diseases in the Serengeti, including (a) impacts on individual hosts (canine distemper virus); (b) threats to endangered populations (rabies) and to the ecosystem (rinderpest); (c) impacts of disease on community structure and vegetation dynamics (rinderpest and anthrax); (d) wildlife as reservoirs of diseases that threaten livestock economies (malignant catarrhal fever) and human health (trypanosomiasis); (e) the consequences of animal diseases on rural poverty and land use decisions around the Serengeti; (f) the dynamics of multiple-host pathogens; and (g) the impact of major human diseases (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).

Keywords:   pathogens, canine distemper virus, rabies, rinderpest, anthrax, malignant catarrhal fever, trypanosomiasis, HIV, AIDS

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