Serengeti IIIHuman Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

Serengeti IIIHuman Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

A. R. E. Sinclair, Craig Packer, and Simon A. R. Mduma

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780226760339

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

Serengeti National Park is one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, a natural laboratory for ecology, evolution, and conservation, with a history that dates back at least four million years to the beginnings of human evolution. The third of a series, this book is the result of a long-term integrated research project that documents changes to this unique ecosystem every ten years. Bringing together researchers from a wide range of disciplines—ecologists, paleontologists, economists, social scientists, mathematicians, and disease specialists—this volume focuses on the interactions between the natural system and the human-dominated agricultural system. By examining how changes in rainfall, wildebeest numbers, commodity prices, and human populations have impacted the Serengeti ecosystem, the book concludes that changes in the natural system have affected human welfare just as changes in the human system have impacted the natural world. To promote both the conservation of biota and the sustainability of human welfare, the book recommends community-based conservation and protected-area conservation. The book presents a look at the conservation status of one of earth's most renowned ecosystems.

Table of Contents

Two Historical and Future Changes to the Serengeti Ecosystem

A. R. E. Sinclair, J. Grant C. Hopcraft, Han Olff, Simon A. R. Mduma, Kathleen A. Galvin, and Gregory J. Sharam

Three Paleoecology of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem

Charles R. Peters, Robert J. Blumenschine, Richard L. Hay, Daniel A. Livingstone, Curtis W. Marean, Terry Harrison, Miranda Armour-Chelu, Peter Andrews, Raymond L. Bernor, Raymonde Bonnefille, and Lars Werdelin

Four The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction

Han Olff and J. Grant C. Hopcraft

Five Generation and Maintenance of Heterogeneity in the Serengeti Ecosystem

T. Michael Anderson, Jan Dempewolf, Kristine L. Metzger, Denné N. Reed, and Suzanne Serneels

Seven The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Sarah Cleaveland, Craig Packer, Katie Hampson, Magai Kaare, Richard Kock, Meggan Craft, Tiziana Limbo, Titus Mlengeya, and Andy Dobson

Eight Reticulate Food Webs in Space and Time: Messages from the Serengeti

Robert D. Holt, Peter A. Abrams, John M. Fryxell, and T. Kimbrell

Nine Spatial Dynamics and Coexistence of the Serengeti Grazer Community

John M. Fryxell, Peter A. Abrams, Robert D. Holt, John F. Wilmshurst, A. R. E. Sinclair, and Ray Hilborn

Ten Dynamic Consequences of Human Behavior in the Serengeti Ecosystem

Christopher Costello, Nicholas Burger, Kathleen A. Galvin, Ray Hilborn, and Stephen Polasky

Eleven Human Responses to Change: Modeling Household Decision Making in Western Serengeti

Kathleen A. Galvin, Steven Polasky, Christopher Costello, and Martin Loibooki

Thirteen Land Use Economics in the Mara Area of the Serengeti Ecosystem

Mike Norton-Griffiths, Mohammed Y. Said, Suzanne Serneels, Dixon S. Kaelo, Mike Coughenour, Richard H. Lamprey, D. Michael Thompson, and Robin S. Reid

Fourteen: Propagation of Change through a Complex Ecosystem

Ray Hilborn, A. R. E. Sinclair, and John M. Fryxell

Fifteen Who Pays for Conservation? Current and Future Financing Scenarios for the Serengeti Ecosystem

Simon Thirgood, Charles Mlingwa, Emmanuel Gereta, Victor Runyoro, Rob Malpas, Karen Laurenson, and Markus Borner