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Modern European Ethnoschematization and the Vienna-St. Petersburg Axis

Modern European Ethnoschematization and the Vienna-St. Petersburg Axis

Chapter:
(p.133) Chapter Six Modern European Ethnoschematization and the Vienna-St. Petersburg Axis
Source:
Mapping Europe's Borderlands
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226744278.003.0007

This chapter examines the formation of various modes of civilizing discourse and modern ethnoschematization through maps, not only as pragmatic tools of governance but also as fantasies of empire and a kitchen industry for opportunistic empire preservers of plural backgrounds. Charged with the modern social-scientific process of marking collectives and explaining their behavior rationally, East Central European cartographers and civil servants made careers on the enterprise of sorting by confession and language. Between the post-1848 alliances and tensions of empires and nations, their efforts justified imperial policy (and often multiple policies) from above, and from below framed the sought-after moral high ground of emancipator ethnonationalizing enterprises, translated into a collectivist, territorial, and thus modern geopolitical idiom.

Keywords:   maps, mapping, cartographers, empire, imperial policy

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