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From Détente to the “Second Cold War”: From Kennedy to Carter

From Détente to the “Second Cold War”: From Kennedy to Carter

Chapter:
(p.130) 5 From Détente to the “Second Cold War”: From Kennedy to Carter
Source:
Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump
Author(s):
Benjamin MillerZiv Rubinovitz
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226735153.003.0006

The chapter takes off from Kennedy’s assassination and the beginning of Johnson’s administration. It then briefly overviews the eight years of Republican presidents Nixon and Ford during which détente was at its peak but also began to decline. The chapter focuses on the Carter administration, which began as a strong supporter of détente—although on a completely different basis than the previous administrations, emphasizing liberal factors instead of realist ones—but ended up with a totally different view of the Soviet Union which in turn was reflected in a hard-line policy and culminated in the Carter Doctrine and the intensification of the Cold War into the 1980s. The discussion of Carter's strategy outlines its initial policy defensive liberal orientation based on the worldviews of the key policymakers.

Keywords:   Jimmy Carter, détente, Cold War, Soviet Union, The Soviet Threat, Carter Doctrine

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