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Between Offensive Liberalism and Defensive Realism— Four Approaches to Grand Strategy

Between Offensive Liberalism and Defensive Realism— Four Approaches to Grand Strategy

Chapter:
(p.9) 1 Between Offensive Liberalism and Defensive Realism— Four Approaches to Grand Strategy
Source:
Grand Strategy from Truman to Trump
Author(s):
Benjamin MillerZiv Rubinovitz
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226735153.003.0002

This chapter develops a novel distinction among four IR approaches. The chapter evaluates the advantages and the shortcomings of each approach as an avenue to fulfilling a durable world or regional peace and national security. Each approach has some appeal but also major disadvantages. The chapter examines what the different perspectives suggest on the road to accomplishing security and peace. The chapter also briefly contrasts the liberal and realist approaches with some constructivist ideas on peace. Finally, in order to clarify the differences among the four approaches, the chapter applies their logic to a concrete issue, which is central to US foreign policy. Thus, the chapter presents the variations of ideal-type strategies toward regime change and democracy-promotion and concludes by linking these strategies and relevant examples to the approaches.

Keywords:   regime-chang, democracy promotion, offensive liberalism, defensive liberalism, defensive realism, offensive realism, national security, peace

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