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Holistic Approach for Conservation of Chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda

Holistic Approach for Conservation of Chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda

Chapter:
(p.612) 26 Holistic Approach for Conservation of Chimpanzees in Kibale National Park, Uganda
Source:
Chimpanzees in Context
Author(s):
Jessica A. HartelEmily OtaliZarin MachandaRichard W. WranghamElizabeth Ross
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226728032.003.0026

Uganda’s Kibale National Park contains a diverse primate population, including about 1400 chimpanzees. It is threatened by poaching and illegal deforestation, both of which are promoted by the extreme poverty, exponential population growth, and limited educational opportunities of local people. This chapter describes the Kibale Chimpanzee Project’s multifaceted approach to conservation in this region since 1997, which includes on-the-ground conservation efforts within the park, paired with community outreach and development outside the park to address persistent and evolving human-chimpanzee conflict issues. In the last two decades, Kibale Snare Removal Project (KSRP) rangers have deployed more than 5000 park patrols and removed over 8500 snares, leading to a decline in both the frequency of snare-related chimpanzee injuries and the rate of deforestation at Kanyawara. Concurrently, the Kasiisi Project implemented conservation-based activities in 16 local schools located within 5 km of the park’s boundary. As participation in these activities increased, the project documented positive attitudinal and behavioral shifts in students’, teachers’, and parents’ views of chimpanzees, other wildlife, and the environment. The collaboration between these two projects has shown that long-term chimpanzee conservation can be enhanced by active on-the-ground conservation measures paired with a well-educated population with good environmental knowledge.

Keywords:   chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes, conservation, education, snare, poaching, conservation education

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