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Chimpanzee Welfare in the Context of Science, Policy, and Practice

Chimpanzee Welfare in the Context of Science, Policy, and Practice

Chapter:
(p.552) 24 Chimpanzee Welfare in the Context of Science, Policy, and Practice
Source:
Chimpanzees in Context
Author(s):
Stephen R. Ross
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226728032.003.0024

For chimpanzees, a species renowned for their intellect, problem-solving abilities and emotional complexity, the task of comprehensively reviewing what is known about their psychological welfare is daunting but overdue. Unlike past efforts which have focused on using what is known about wild chimpanzees, this chapter focuses instead on what has already been revealed through studies of captive chimpanzees in order to further progress their care and management. Following on expert opinion about what is most important for improvement of chimpanzee welfare, the information is organized into considerations of a chimpanzee’s social life, physical environment, opportunities for choice and control, relationships with humans, enrichment, and nutrition. Each section also incorporates regulatory and management information with which the scientific literature can be provided appropriate practical context. Finally, there is an overt encouragement for managers to take a “bias for action” approach to the implementation of the extant research presented here; advocating for policy and management progress even as additional quantitative evidence continues to be collected.

Keywords:   chimpanzee, welfare, wellbeing, enrichment, captive care, husbandry, animal management

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