Page of

The Establishment of Sanctuaries for Former Laboratory Chimpanzees: Challenges, Successes, and Cross-Cultural Context

The Establishment of Sanctuaries for Former Laboratory Chimpanzees: Challenges, Successes, and Cross-Cultural Context

Chapter:
(p.208) 9 The Establishment of Sanctuaries for Former Laboratory Chimpanzees: Challenges, Successes, and Cross-Cultural Context
Source:
Chimpanzees in Context
Author(s):
Satoshi HirataNaruki MorimuraKoshiro WatanukiStephen R. Ross
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226728032.003.0009

The United States and Japan are the two countries holding highest number of captive chimpanzees in the world. These countries were also most involved in past biomedical experimentation on this species, leading to their subsequent retirement to sanctuaries. This chapter describes the history of captive chimpanzees in Japan and the United States and provides a parallel perspective on the establishment of sanctuaries in these two countries. There are commonalities, such as a seismic shift in sentiment about the use of chimpanzees in invasive medical research followed by widespread retirement efforts, and differences, such as cultural context of how sanctuaries are supported and managed, with or without involvements from government and private sector, with respect to the history of chimpanzee sanctuaries in these countries. The establishment of chimpanzee sanctuaries is a relatively recent event globally, and thus opportunities remain to pursue partnerships with other organizations that can provide specialized expertise. To date, there has been relatively little substantive communication or collaboration between sanctuaries in Japan, the United States, and around the world. As populations of chimpanzees in sanctuaries continue to rise, global collaboration of these facilities in different countries has the potential to greatly benefit the care of this species.

Keywords:   sanctuaries, Japan, laboratory, welfare, policy, zoo, chimpanzee

Sign In

Copyright © 2021. All rights reserved.
Privacy Policy and Legal Notice