Phyllostomid BatsA Unique Mammalian Radiation

Phyllostomid BatsA Unique Mammalian Radiation

Theodore H Fleming, Liliana M. Dávalos, and Marco A. R. Mello

Print publication date: 2021

ISBN: 9780226696126

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Abstract

With over two-hundred species distributed across most of mainland Mexico, Central and South America, and islands in the Caribbean Sea, the Phyllostomidae bat family (American leaf-nosed bats) is one of the world’s most diverse mammalian families in terms of its trophic, or feeding, diversity. From an insectivorous ancestry, extant species have evolved into several dietary classes, including blood-feeding, vertebrate carnivory, and the consumption of nectar, pollen, and fruit, in a period of about 30 million years. Phyllostomid plant-visiting species are responsible for pollinating over five-hundred species of neotropical shrubs, trees, vines, and epiphytes—many of which are economically and ecologically important—and they also disperse the seeds of at least another five-hundred plant species. Fruit-eating and seed-dispersing members of this family thus play a crucial role in the regeneration of neotropical forests, and the fruit eaters are among the most abundant mammals in these habitats. Coauthored by leading experts in the field and synthesizing the latest advances in molecular biology and ecological methods, Phyllostomid Bats is the first overview in more than forty years of the evolution of the many morphological, behavioral, physiological, and ecological adaptations in this family. Featuring abundant illustrations as well as details on the current classification and conservation status of phyllostomid species, it is both a comprehensive reference for these ecologically vital mammals and a fascinating exploration of the evolutionary process of adaptive radiation.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

Section 1 Introduction

1 Overview of This Book

Theodore H. Fleming, Liliana M. Dávalos, and Marco A. R. Mello

2Setting the Stage

Theodore H. Fleming

Section 2 Phylogeny and Evolution

3 Phylogeny, Fossils, and Biogeography

Norberto P. Giannini and Paúl M. Velazco

4 Diversity and Discovery

Andrea L. Cirranello and Nancy B. Simmons

5 Fragments and Gaps

Nancy B. Simmons, Gregg F. Gunnell, and Nicolas J. Czaplewski

6 Phylogenetics and Historical Biogeography

Liliana M. Dávalos, Paúl M. Velazco, and Danny Rojas

7 Adapt or Live

Liliana M. Dávalos,* Andrea L. Cirranello,* Elizabeth R. Dumont, Stephen J. Rossiter, and Danny Rojas

8 The Evolution of Body Size in Noctilionoid Bats

Norberto P. Giannini, Lucila I. Amador, and R. Leticia Moyers Arévalo

Section 3 Contemporary Biology

9 Structure and Function of Bat Wings

Sharon M. Swartz and Justine J. Allen

10 The Relationship between Physiology and Diet

Ariovaldo P. Cruz-Neto and L. Gerardo Herrera M.

11 Sensory and Cognitive Ecology

Jeneni Thiagavel, Signe Brinkløv, Inga Geipel, and John M. Ratcliffe

12 Reproduction and Life Histories

Robert M. R. Barclay and Theodore H. Fleming

13 Patterns of Sexual Dimorphism and Mating Systems

Danielle M. Adams, Christopher Nicolay, and Gerald S. Wilkinson

Section 4 Trophic Ecology

14 The Omnivore’s Dilemma

Claire T. Hemingway, M. May Dixon, and Rachel A. Page

15 Vampire Bats

John W. Hermanson and Gerald G. Carter

16 The Ecology and Evolution of Nectar Feeders

Nathan Muchhala and Marco Tschapka

17 The Frugivores

Romeo A. Saldaña-Vázquez and Theodore H. Fleming

Section 5 Population and Community Ecology

18 Roosting Ecology

Armando Rodríguez-Durán

19 Population Biology

Theodore H. Fleming and Angela M. G. Martino

20 Community Ecology

Richard D. Stevens and Sergio Estrada-Villegas

21 Network Science as a Framework for Bat Studies

Marco A. R. Mello and Renata L. Muylaert*

22 Contemporary Biogeography

Richard D. Stevens, Marcelo M. Weber, and Fabricio Villalobos

Section 6 Conservation

23 Challenges and Opportunities for the Conservation of Brazilian Phyllostomids

Enrico Bernard, Mariana Delgado-Jaramillo, Ricardo B. Machado, and Ludmilla M. S. Aguiar

24 Threats, Status, and Conservation Perspectives for Leaf-Nosed Bats

Jafet M. Nassar, Luis F. Aguirre, Bernal Rodríguez-Herrera and Rodrigo A. Medellín