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The First Marine Biological Station in Modern China: Amoy University and Amphioxus

The First Marine Biological Station in Modern China: Amoy University and Amphioxus

Chapter:
(p.68) Three The First Marine Biological Station in Modern China: Amoy University and Amphioxus
Source:
Why Study Biology by the Sea?
Author(s):
Christine Yi Lai Luk
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226673097.003.0004

Marine biological studies began to take shape in China in the early twentieth century, during which foreign-trained biologists of both Chinese and Western descents worked together with educators and surveyors from local universities to collect and investigate China’s coastal fauna and flora. Like their Euro-American counterparts, these marine collecting trips usually took place at marine biological stations along the seashore which provide easy access to the water, marine life, and above all, a collegial environment for the study of aquatic creatures. Among all localities along China’s coastline, the Marine Biological Station of Amoy University across the Formosa Strait is the earliest pioneer in organizing summer collecting trips and marine surveys. Examining the founding of China’s first marine biological laboratory at Amoy University, this chapter describes Amoy’s institutional approach of studying the science of marine biology at the seashore. The financial support offered by the Rockefeller Foundation is discussed, along with the commitment and resources offered by the first president of Amoy University in the late 1920s. Amoy is the birthplace of the first marine biological station in modern China, primarily but not only due to Amoy’s association with amphioxus fisheries.

Keywords:   China, marine biology, Amoy, amphioxus

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