Bones, Clones, and BiomesThe History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Bones, Clones, and BiomesThe History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Bruce D. Patterson and Leonora P. Costa

Print publication date: 2013

ISBN: 9780226649191

Publisher: University of Chicago Press


As explorers and scientists have known for decades, the Neotropics harbor a fantastic array of our planet's mammalian diversity, from capybaras and capuchins to maned wolves and mouse opossums to sloths and sakis. This biological bounty can be attributed partly to the striking diversity of Neotropical landscapes and climates and partly to a series of continental connections that permitted intermittent faunal exchanges with Africa, Antarctica, Australia, and North America. Thus, to comprehend the development of modern Neotropical mammal faunas requires not only mastery of the Neotropics' substantial diversity, but also knowledge of mammalian lineages and landscapes dating back to the Mesozoic. This book offers an exploration of the development and relationships of the modern mammal fauna through a series of studies that encompass the last 100 million years and both Central and South America. This work serves as a complement to more taxonomically driven works, providing for readers the long geologic and biogeographic contexts that undergird the abundance and diversity of Neotropical mammals. Rather than documenting diversity or distribution, this collection traverses the patterns that the distributions and relationships across mammal species convey, bringing together geology, paleobiology, systematics, mammalogy, and biogeography.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

Part 1 The Geological Setting

Punctuated Isolation

Darin A. Croft

3 Origins, Radiations, and Distribution of South American Mammals

Francisco J. Goin, Javier N. Gelfo, Laura Chornogubsky, Michael O. Woodburne, and Thomas Martin

4 Cenozoic Andean Faunas

John J. Flynn, Reynaldo Charrier, Darin A. Croft, and Andre R. Wyss

5 On the Evolution of Large Size in Mammalian Herbivores of Cenozoic Faunas of Southern South America

Sergio F. Vizcaíno, Guillermo H. Cassini, Néstor Toledo, and M. Susana Bargo

Evolution of the South American Carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora)

Francisco J. Prevosti and Leopoldo H. Soibelzon

Part 2 Regional Patterns

8 Hierarchical Organization of Neotropical Mammal Diversity and Its Historical Basis

Sergio Solari, Paúl M. Velazco, and Bruce D. Patterson

9 West Indian Mammals

Liliana M. Dávalos and Samuel T. Turvey

10 Biogeography of Central American Mammals

Ana Laura Almendra and Duke S. Rogers

12 Speciation in Amazonia

Cibele R. Bonvicino and Marcelo Weksler

14 Mammals of the Cerrado and Caatinga

Ana Paula Carmignotto, Mario de Vivo, and Alfredo Langguth

15 The Role of the Andes in the Diversification and Biogeography of Neotropical Mammals

Bruce D. Patterson, Sergio Solari, and Paúl M. Velazco

16 Mammalian Biogeography of Patagonia and Tierra Del Fuego

Enrique P. Lessa, Guillermo D'Elía, and Ulyses F. J. Pardiñas