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Tradition and Folklore

Tradition and Folklore

(p.102) 4 Tradition and Folklore
Making Music Indigenous
Joshua Tucker
University of Chicago Press

"Tradition and Folklore" describes how the chimaycha music of Chuschi District came to be performed as a staged genre under the rubic of "folklore," and the changes that the style underwent in the course of its formalization. It focuses, first, on the intervention of non-indigenous mediators, including teachers at village schools and scholars associated with Ayacucho's university. Beginning in the 1970s such figures began to encourage young Quechua-speaking musicians to form stable bands as a means of "preserving" musical cultures in danger of disappearing, developing particularities of arrangement and instrumentation that would influence later musicians. The chapter then shifts to focus on the efforts of people drawn from the first generation indigenous students at Ayaucho's university, who over the 1980s found forums there in which to carry on the work of formalizing their musical endeavors. It highlights the role of Los Chikitukus de Chuschi, the first formal chimaycha band to be organized by indigenous Quechua speakers. Throughout, the chapter describes how chimaycha became a vehicle for exploring shifting ideologies of tradition and identity, under the influence of intellectual projects as different as Peruvian indigenismo, developmentalism, or the Marxist teaching of the Shining Path.

Keywords:   Peru, Music, Folklore, Quechua, Ayacucho, Andes

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