Published in 1974, Marshall Hodgson’s The Venture of Islam was a watershed moment in the study of Islam. By locating the history of Islamic societies in a global perspective, Hodgson challenged the orientalist paradigms that had stunted the development of Islamic studies. He also provided an alternative approach to world history. Edited by Edmund Burke III, Islam and World History provides a critical reassessment of Hodgson’s relevance in the twenty-first century and introduces his influential work to a new generation of readers. Together, these essays explore the complexity of Hodgson’s generation, the daring of his ideas, and the global context of his world historical insights, notably on Islam and world history, gender in Islam, and the problem of Muslim universality. In our post-9/11 world, Hodgson’s historical vision and moral engagement have never been more relevant. A towering achievement, Islam and World History will prove the definitive statement on Hodgson’s relevance in the twenty-first century and introduce his influential work to a new generation of readers.