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Bargaining Frequency and the Use of Conference Committees or Amendment Trading

Bargaining Frequency and the Use of Conference Committees or Amendment Trading

Chapter:
(p.68) Chapter Four Bargaining Frequency and the Use of Conference Committees or Amendment Trading
Source:
The Congressional Endgame
Author(s):
Josh M. Ryan
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226582375.003.0004

The House and Senate have two choices when considering how to resolve a bill: amendment trading or conferencing. Using each has implications for how a bill is resolved, and the use of each resolution venue indicates the structures of the winning coalitions in each chamber. This chapter explores when amendment trading is used, when conference committees are used, and when no bargaining will be used as one chamber simply accepts the bill proposed by the other. The empirical results show that having a filibuster-proof majority in the Senate is key to using post-passage bargaining, while high interchamber distance and a large coalition sizes in the Senate are important factors for conferencing.

Keywords:   interchamber disagreement, filibuster, amendment trading, coalition size

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