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Tracking Religious Trajectories over a Lifetime

Tracking Religious Trajectories over a Lifetime

Chapter:
(p.65) Four Tracking Religious Trajectories over a Lifetime
Source:
From Politics to the Pews
Author(s):
Michele F. Margolis
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226555812.003.0004

Chapter 4 offers the first empirical test of the life-cycle theory by showing how partisanship affects religious trajectories over long periods of time. Using both two sets of panel data, the chapter demonstrates two broad trends. First, external political events that happen in childhood that are known to affect the development of party identification are also correlated with religiosity in adulthood. Individuals who came of age politically during a time when the Democrats were electorally popular are less likely to attend church regularly and more likely not to identify with a specific religion than those who came of age when the Republicans were electorally popular. Second, partisan identities exert influence at a specific point in a person’s life. Specifically, partisanship affects religious decisions among those individuals moving from being unmarried and childless to starting a family. This is precisely when, after a natural hiatus from religion, most people are confronted with a decision about whether and how to renew their religious involvement.

Keywords:   religion and politics, socialization, panel data, “God gap”, morality politics, Ronald Reagan, Religious Right

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