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The Population Genetics of the Amboseli and Kilimanjaro Elephants

The Population Genetics of the Amboseli and Kilimanjaro Elephants

Chapter:
(p.37) Chapter 4 The Population Genetics of the Amboseli and Kilimanjaro Elephants
Source:
The Amboseli Elephants
Author(s):
Elizabeth A. ArchieCourtney L. FitzpatrickCynthia J. MossSusan C. Alberts
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226542263.003.0004

The Amboseli population provides one of the best opportunities to understand how mating and dispersal behavior, long-term patterns of gene flow, and effective population size work together to structure genetic variation within and between populations. Amboseli has been relatively unaffected by the anthropogenic problems of poaching and habitat destruction, and much is known about the demography and behavior of the population over the duration of the project. This chapter first briefly reviews what is known about the genetic structure within populations, with a focus on the elephant population in the Amboseli ecosystem, and second, investigates how the genetic variation in Amboseli relates to the phylogeography of elephant populations on Kilimanjaro and the rest of the African continent.

Keywords:   Amboseli population, gene flow, mating, population size, Amboseli ecosystem, genetic structure, phylogeography, elephant populations

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