The Lorca Variations
As the driving force behind the original deep image school, Jerome Rothenberg was an indispensable figure in American Lorquismo in the late 1950s and early 1960s, but in subsequent decades Lorca makes only sporadic appearances in his work. As Rothenberg left the deep image behind him, he also stopped following developments in Spanish poetry after Lorca. Rothenberg's major accomplishment of the late 1960s and 1970s was to found the discipline of ethnopoetics, which can be defined as the study of archaic and tribal poetry and poetics with a sensibility informed by the avant-garde movements of the twentieth century. Rothenberg's 1993 book The Lorca Variations represents a return to a major influence after a long hiatus. After translating the Suites for Christopher Maurer's authoritative 1991 edition of Lorca's collected poetry in English, Rothenberg went on to create a kind of Lorquian pastiche by recombining images taken from this book.
Keywords: Jerome Rothenberg, American Lorquismo, Federico García Lorca, Lorquismo, ethnopoetics, deep image poetry, tribal poetry, avant-garde movements