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The Effects of the Foreign Fulbright Program on Knowledge Creation in Science and Engineering

The Effects of the Foreign Fulbright Program on Knowledge Creation in Science and Engineering

Chapter:
(p.161) 3. The Effects of the Foreign Fulbright Program on Knowledge Creation in Science and Engineering
Source:
The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited
Author(s):
Shulamit KahnMegan MacGarvie
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226473062.003.0007

This chapter explores the impact of scientific mobility, focusing on the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, which since 1946 has brought students from many countries to undertake graduate studies in the United States, with the expectation that they spend at least two years in their home nation before they can return. The Fulbright scientists (relative to the controls) spent more than twice as many of their postgraduation years outside the United States when compared to controls. While the program does increase collaborations between U.S. scientists and those based in the emerging world, Fulbright scientists from poorer nations or those with a weaker scientific tradition have fewer publications and less of an impact. This effect is not seen among those scholars from wealthier nations or those with a stronger scientific base.

Keywords:   Fulbright Program, scientific mobility, postgraduation, United States, poorer nations

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