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Job Creation, Small versus Large versus Young, and the SBA

Job Creation, Small versus Large versus Young, and the SBA

Chapter:
(p.371) 9 Job Creation, Small versus Large versus Young, and the SBA
Source:
Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses
Author(s):
J. David BrownJohn S. EarleYana Morgulis
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226454108.003.0010

Analyzing a list of all Small Business Administration (SBA) loans in 1991 to 2009 linked with annual information on all U.S. employers from 1976 to 2012, we apply detailed matching and regression methods to estimate the variation in SBA loan effects on job creation and firm survival across firm age and size groups. The number of jobs created per million dollars of loans generally increases with size and decreases in age. The results imply that firms that have grown most since birth (hiring first employee) are those that experience the greatest financial constraints to growth, while the growth of small, mature firms is least financially constrained. The estimated association between survival and loan amount is larger for younger and smaller firms facing the “valley of death.”

Keywords:   small firms, young firms, employment, growth, Small Business Administration, small business finance, firm size, firm age

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