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Fragmentation and Modularity

Fragmentation and Modularity

(p.194) Chapter Ten Fragmentation and Modularity
About Method
Jutta Schickore
University of Chicago Press

In the early twentieth century, venom research migrated into the domain of protein and enzyme studies. Venom researchers consciously drew on new analytic techniques and approaches from research on enzymes, proteins, and hormones to understand the composition and biological action of venom. The methodological worries and discussions of venom researchers were fueled by the concerns about complexity—not only by the complex organization of biological substances but also by the intricacy and opacity of instruments and techniques for the investigation of ever more remote things. Early twentieth-century researchers responded to the problem of how to investigate subvisible mechanisms and things by pursuing multiple lines of research, using multiple techniques. Complexity was still the main concern of scientific authors as well. Instruction manuals for scientific writing addressed questions of how to prepare and organize scientific and technical papers and reports and how to handle definitions, descriptions of procedures and machines, and explanations of processes. The modular structure became the recommended format for scientific articles.

Keywords:   snake venom, experimentation, methods discourse, multiple techniques of investigation, proteins, enzymes, instruction manuals for scientific writing, methods sections, Karl Heinrich Slotta, Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat

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