Throughout the fall of 1894, as Addams coped with Hull House's shaky finances, edited Maps, polished her essay on the labor movement and tried to start an essay on the Pullman Strike, she and the rest of the Civic Federation's Industrial Committee organized the arbitration conference. It convened on November 13 of that year at the Woman's Temple Building as the Congress on Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration. The conference was a landmark in the history of the American arbitration movement. In her address to the conference, Addams expressed the same complex assessment of the labor movement, and by implication, the strike, that she had expressed in “The Settlement as a Factor.” She both embraced the Pullman Strike as “a [working people's] revolution” and declared strikes a “belated method of warfare.” Then, grasping the burr of the class divide, she eviscerated it with a bold rhetorical flourish. “We do not believe that the world can be divided into capitalists and laboring men. We are all bound together in a solidarity towards this larger movement which shall enfranchise all of us and give us all our place in the national existence.” This was Addams in her prophetic mode, as she had been with Dewey. In the wake of the Pullman crisis, she was stalwart in her belief in the possibility of unity.
Keywords: arbitration conference, Hull House, Jane Addams, solidarity, arbitration movement, Pullman crisis