Jane Addams's two lectures amounted to the most ambitious writing project she had ever undertaken. She had organized them around the Kantian-Comtean distinction also favored by the author of her seminary rhetoric textbook, Alexander Bain, between the subjective and the objective. In “The Subjective Necessity of a Social Settlement” she described why she wanted to start a settlement house. In “The Objective Value of a Social Settlement” she treated the facts of the case: what the neighborhood was like and what the settlement did. Although the titles were cumbersome, the distinction they made brought a useful structure to the ideas in “Outgrowths” and her Sunset Club remarks, both of which she borrowed in writing the new speeches. Addams also linked democracy to Christianity. When Christians revealed their love for humanity through their actions, she said, a “wonderful fellowship, that true democracy of the early Church,” arose. In the mid-1880s, reading Mazzini had reminded her of the connection, and he was hardly original in his insight. American Protestant reformers and social thinkers had been pointing out the close ties between democracy and Christianity throughout the nineteenth century.
Keywords: settlement house, Jane Addams, democracy, Christianity, humanity, Mazzini