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(p.157) Conclusion
The Hunt for Nazi Spies
University of Chicago Press

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on anti-German counterespionage in Vichy France. It discusses the torture that the Vichy police practiced against German spies and against the women engaged in intimate relations with members of the German armistice commissions. This chapter suggest that though the French secret services arrested about 2,000 spies working for the Germans, they were only partially successful in achieving the objectives of Vichy's policy of counterespionage—defending sovereignty and centralizing collaboration.

Keywords:   anti-German counterespionage, Vichy France, German spies, torture, German armistice commissions, sovereignty, collaboration

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