The chapter depicts the mapmen as “agents of a transnational, moving history” on the onset and for the duration of World War 1. Penck and Romer fell into feuds as claims about ethnographic movement and character of soil informed an increasingly nationalized debate about geographies conducted under the auspices of bourgeois cordiality and academic impartiality; the greatest insult hurled was to the opposition’s credibility as a scholar. Teleki began to focus on a Hungarian geography that glorified the concentration of the Myagar ethnicity in European lands. Bowman remained cordial with Romer but largely uninvolved in the roiling nationalism-packed Great War debates. Rudnyts’kyi was caught between borders as, despite his Ukrainian influences, he was supported by Penck as an expert of the East, since his geographies mainly focused on Ukrainian Soviet relations.
Keywords: transnational, impartiality, objectivity, geopolitics, nationalism