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Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions

Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions

Chapter:
(p.163) Chapter Seven Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions
Source:
The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform
Author(s):
Estelle JamesAlejandra Cox EdwardsRebeca Wong
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0008

At the same time that the Latin American countries were reforming their systems, the transition economies of eastern and central Europe and the former Soviet Union were facing huge financial strains in their systems, which required them to reform. Kazakhstan, Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Croatia, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Slovakia, and Russia have instituted multipillar reforms or are in the process of doing so. Several Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries have also changed their systems to include a funded, privately managed defined contribution plan together with a public social safety net. This chapter presents data on Poland and, to a lesser extent, Kazakhstan and Latvia, from the transition economies, and on Sweden and Australia as examples of reforms in advanced industrial societies.

Keywords:   pension reform, pension policy, Poland, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Sweden, Australia, multipillar system, defined contribution plan, social security reforms

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