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Individuals, Autonomy, and Society in Japanese Education

Individuals, Autonomy, and Society in Japanese Education

Chapter:
(p.14) Chapter One Individuals, Autonomy, and Society in Japanese Education
Source:
Schooling Selves
Author(s):
Peter Cave
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226368054.003.0002

This chapter outlines the motivations for reform of school education in contemporary Japan. These arose from concerns that children were under excessive academic pressure and that they were lacking in the creativity and ability to think and learn for themselves that policymakers envisaged to be necessary in the twenty-first century. The chapter explains how reform measures were developed and debated from the 1980s through the 2000s. It then explains the significance of the educational reforms of this period in the context of relationships between self, society, and the state in Japan, providing an analysis of discourses of self and individual in Japan. The chapter finally examines debates about autonomy and education, in Japan and more widely.

Keywords:   Japan, educational reform, self, autonomy, individual, creativity

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